Vientiane Times, August 25, 2016
The draft is planned to be submitted for debate at the government monthly meeting tomorrow. The draft is then set for submission to the ordinary session of the National Assembly in October this year. According to the draft policy presented for discussion at Tuesday’s meeting, the state acknowledges and protects the land use rights of people who have inherited land from their parents or relatives. In this regard, the lands are required to be developed or made use of for some production or development activities and must not be located in protected or conservation forest areas.
Deputy Director General of the Land Administration Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Mr. Anothai Chanthalasy said yesterday that the participants recommended that more details needed to be worked out toward recognition.
�The participants have suggested that once the draft is approved, the policy is required to be translated into law and regulations,� he told Vientiane Times , adding the current Law on Land would be amended in line with the policy.
The law and regulations are supposed to provide details such as for how many years after the lands are occupied that land rights would be recognised and also if it has been used over consecutive periods.
Some observers noted it would be illogical for nomad farmers to claim ownership recognition over every plot they have used for shifting slash and burn cultivation from place to place. Previously, reports emerged that some local people who inherited lands from their parents were poorly compensated by development projects as the project developers claimed the lands were not issued with land titles. But some policy makers noted it was the state sector in charge that was slow in issuing the land titles.
The participants welcome the draft, which states that people whose lands are affected by development projects will receive fair and reasonable compensation that will enable the affected people to enjoy better living conditions. Those lands affected by commercial projects will be compensated in line with the market price at the time. The state also permits foreign citizens of Lao origin to purchase residential land use rights in line with the relevant law and regulations after they are granted permission to stay in Laos permanently, according to the draft.
Foreign investors doing businesses in Laos are also allowed to purchase land use rights to construct residences and offices in line with the relevant law and regulations.
The draft indicates that 16.9 million hectares of land representing 70 percent of the nation’s total area will be dedicated for forest coverage. Some 4.5 million hectares representing 19 percent is assigned for agricultural production, while the remaining 2.28 million hectares or 11 percent is allocated to be used for other purposes.