ກົດຫມາຍ, ນະໂຍບາຍ ແລະ ຂໍ້ກຳນົດ | Land Issues Working Group
Working towards greater community control over land, forests and natural resources
(ກຸ່ມເຮັດວຽກກ່ຽ່ວກັບບັນຫາການນຳໃຊ້ທີ່ດິນ) ແນ່ໃສ່ສົ່ງເສີ່ມ ຄວາມເຂົ້າໃຈ ແລະຄວາມຮູ້ທ່ວງທັນ ໃນດ້ານ ເສດຖະກິດສັງຄົມ ສິງແວດລອມ ທີ່ກ່ຽວຂອງກັບການນຳໃຊ້ເນື້ອທີ່ດິນ ໃນໂຄງການ ຕ່າງໆ, ໂດຍການເກັບກຳ ແລະ ແຜ່ກະຈາຍ ຂໍ້ມູນ ຂ່າວສານ, ການຊຸກຍູ້ການສົນທະນາປຶກສາຫາລື ແລະ ການຄົ້ນຄວ້າວິໃຈ

Archive for the ‘Laws, policies and regulations / ກົດຫມາຍ, ນະໂຍບາຍ ແລະ ຂໍ້ກຳນົດ’ Category

Officials discuss access to justice in Laos

Vientiane Times,  August 28, 2015.

Experts from the legal sector in Laos met with their counterparts from Vietnam, China and Singapore yesterday in Vientiane to discuss the improvement of services and access to justice in Laos. The improvement of access to justice by the Lao people forms part of a project for the implementation of the legal sector master plan (SPLSMP).

600 people receive free legal aid in six months

Vientiane Times 13 August 2015

Some 600 poor people throughout the country have received free legal aid through the Lao Bar Association’s (LBA) legal aid clinics over the past six months, with 70 of them having court cases found in their favour. Lao Bar Association President Mr Mixay Thepmany talked about the free legal aid provided by the LBA in an interview with Vientiane Times last week.

Laos intends to use the VPA process for forestry development

Vientiane Times, July 27, 2015.

Laos is enhancing its efforts to implement the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade, Voluntary Partnership Agreement (FLEGT-VAP) as it seeks to further the development of the forestry sector. With support from Germany´s Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the Department of Forestry Inspection under the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry held an introduction workshop on the forestry legal compendium in Vientiane last week.

Constitutional amendment and public participation discussed

Vientiane Times, 29th May 2015

Members of the Governance Sector Working Group (GSWG) gathered in Vientiane to share information and views on the topics of constitutional amendment and people’s participation and engagement in the justice system at the grass-roots level. The thematic workshop took place yesterday, chaired by the Ministry of Home Affairs’ Planning and Cooperation Department Director General Mr Nisith Keopanya. This was the third meeting of the GSWG this year, with the first meeting held in March and the second held in April.

Govt steps up protection of conservation forest

Vientiane Times, 22nd May 2015

Development projects carried out in conservation forest areas in which the forest area has been converted or changed to another use must compensate for the forest loss, a new decree states. The government recently issued the Decree on Conservation Forest that identifies principles, measures and regulations on the establishment, allocation, management, protection, development and use of conservation forests.

Govt steps up protection of conservation forest

Vientiane Times, 22nd May 2015

Development projects carried out in conservation forest areas in which the forest area has been converted or changed to another use must compensate for the forest loss, a new decree states. The government recently issued the Decree on Conservation Forest that identifies principles, measures and regulations on the establishment, allocation, management, protection, development and use of conservation forests.

Draft land policy has ‘no problems,’ lawmaker says

Vientiane Times, 25 April 2015.

A senior official at the National Assembly (NA) has asserted that the content of the draft National Land Policy has no problems, despite the fact it has been put on hold and has not been yet approved by the NA. The drafted policy, which stipulates reasonable compensation based on market prices whenever people’s lands are affected by investment projects, was submitted to the NA’s fifth ordinary session in July 2013 for debate. But it was not approved by the then session.

Public opinions sought on constitutional amendments

Vientiane Times, April 21, 2015

Policymakers are sounding out opinions from various sectors in society and those good and reasonable opinions will be taken into account into the draft of the amended constitution. The national committee in charge of amending the constitution has made a public announcement welcoming public opinions and comment on the proposed amendments.

Switzerland, Germany pledge US$12m for land governance

Vientiane Times, March 16, 2015

The government of Switzerland, represented by the Swiss Agency for Development (SDC), and the Lao government, represented by the Ministry of Planning and Investment, on Friday launched the Mekong Regional L and Governance Project in Laos.  The project, which is planned for a period of eight years, will received financial support from the Swiss government amounting to US$8 million (65.2 billion kip), and from the German government through the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), amounting to 3.5 million euros (about US$3.7 million or 30 billion kip). Secretary of State for the Swiss Confederation, Mr Manuel Sager, and Lao Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment, Dr Kikeo Chanthaboury, signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the launch of the project. The project is an initiative to support land tenure security for family farmers, especially women and ethnic groups, by assisting the emergence of more favourable policies and practices, according to a press release.

ພົບຜູ້ດຳເນີນການຂຸດຄົ້ນແຮ່ຫຼາຍລາຍລະເມີດສັນຍາ.

ວງຽຈັນ ທາມ 12 ມີນາ 2015

ຜູ້ດຳເນີນການຂຸດຄົ້ນແຮ່ທາດຫຼາຍກວ່າ 50 ຫົວໜ່ວຍໄດ້ລະເມີດສັນຍາທີ່ພວກເຮົາໄດ້ເຊັນກັບລັດຖະບານລາວເຊິ່ງການລະເມີດດັ່ງກ່າວໄດ້ພົບເຫັນໃນຄະນະທີ່ເຈົ້າໜ້າທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງດຳເນີນການກວດກາໂຄງການຂຸດຄົ້ນແຮ່ທາດທົ່ວປະເທດ, ອີງຕາມບົດລາຍງານ ການລະເມີດສັນຍາລວມມີຫຼາຍໆໂຄງການບໍ່ປະຕິບັດຕາມລະບຽບຂໍ້ກຳນົດທາງດ້ານສະພາບແວດລ້ອມໃນຄະນະດຽວກັນມີໂຄງການຈຳນວນໜຶ່ງບໍ່ເສຍພັນທະໃຫ້ລັດຖະບານແລະຊຸມຊົນທ້ອງຖິ່ນ, ລັດຖະມົນຕີຊ່ວຍກະຊວງແຜນການແລະການລົງທຶນ ທ່ານ ດຣ. ບຸນທະວີສີສຸພັນທອງ ໄດ້ບອກໜັງສືພິມວຽງຈັນທາມມື້ວານນີ້.

ທ່ານ ດຣ. ບຸນທະວີ ກ່າວຕື່ມອີກວ່າຜູ້ລະເມີດໄດ້ຖືກກ່າວເຕືອນແລະຈະຖືກກ່າວເຕືອນໃຫ້ປະຕິບັດຕາມສັນຍາຢ່າງເຂັ້ມງວດ. ການກວດກາໄດ້ມີຫຼາຍຂຶ້ນພາຍຫຼັງທີ່ລັດຖະບານໄດ້ຮັບຊາບກ່ຽວກັບການດຳເນີນການຂຸດຄົ້ນແຮ່ທີ່ບໍ່ມີປະສິດຕິຜົນໃນບາງໂຄງການລວມທັງບັນຫາຕ່າງໆທີ່ໄດ້ຍົກຂຶ້ນກ່ຽວກັບໂຄງການປູກຢາງພາລາແລະໄມ້ວິກຈຳນວນໜຶ່ງ. ນັບແຕ່ປີ 2012, ລັດຖະບານໄດ້ໂຈະການພິຈາລະນາແລະບໍ່ອະນຸມັດໃຫ້ໂຄງການໃໝ່ກ່ຽວກັບການຂຸດຄົ້ນແຮ່ທາດ, ຢາງພາລາແລະໄມ້ວິກແລະໄດ້ດຳເນີນການກວດກາເພື່ອຄຸ້ມຄອງໂຄງການລົງທຶນບໍ່ແຮ່ແລະປູກຕົ້ນໄມ້ທີ່ມີຢູ່ໃຫ້ຖືກຕາມລະບຽບ. ດຣ. ບຸນທະວີ ກ່າວວ່າມັນຍັງບໍ່ທັນຊັດເຈນວ່າເມື່ອໃດຈະມີການຍົກເລີກການໂຈະດັ່ງກ່າວເພາະເຈົ້າໜ້າທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງຍັງດຳເນີນການກວດກາຢູ່. ພວກເຮົາຄາດວ່າຈະສຳເລັດກາກວດກາແລະປະເມີນ“ບັນດາໂຄງການບໍ່ແຮ່ແລະໂຄງການປູກຢາງພາລາແລະໄມ້ວິກ” ໃນປີນີ້ແລະຈະລາຍງານຜົນຂອງການກວດກາໃຫ້ລັດຖະບານ: ທ່ານກ່າວ. ຄາດວ່າລັດຖະບານຈະມີການຕັດສິນໃຈພາຍຫຼັງວ່າຈະເປີດການພິຈາລະນາແລະອະນຸມັດໃຫ້ແກ່ໂຄງການແຮ່ທາດແລະໂຄງການປູກຢາງພາລາແລະໄມ້ວິກຫຼືບໍ່?.

ເຖິງຢ່າງໃດກໍ່ຕາມການພິຈາລະນາແລະການອະນຸມັດຍັງເປີດໃຫ້ໂຄງການບໍ່ແຮ່ທີ່ມີຄວາມຈຳເປັນຕອບສະໜອງວັດຖຸດິບໃຫ້ແກ່ອຸດສະຫະກຳພາຍໃນເຊັ່ນ: ຖ່ານຫີນ, ຫີນປູນແລະຫີນກາວ.

ບົດລາຍງານດັ່ງກ່າວໄດ້ນຳສະເໜີຢູ່ກອງປະຊຸມລັດຖະບານປະຈຳເດືອນກຸມພາຕໍ່ກັບການລາຍງານດັ່ງກ່າວ, ຄະນະລັດຖະບານໄດ້ແນະນຳໃຫ້ພາກສ່ວນກ່ຽວຂ້ອງສຶບຕໍ່ກວດກາໂຄງການບໍ່ແຮ່, ຢາງພາລາແລະໄມ້ວິກ. ໂຄງການໃດທີ່ພົບວ່າດຳເນີນບໍ່ມີປະສິດຕິຜົນໃຫ້ໂຈະແລະບໍ່ຕໍ່ອາຍຸສຳປະທານ, ຄະນະລັດຖະບານແນະນຳ.

ປະຈຸບັນມີໂຄງການບໍ່ແຮ່ທັງໝົດ 561 ໂຄງການທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບການອະນຸມັດໃນທົ່ວປະເທດ, ອີງຕາມບົດລາຍງານທີ່ສົ່ງເຖິງຄະນະລັດຖະບານຊີ້ແຈ້ງວ່າການຄຸ້ມຄອງໂຄງການບໍ່ແຮ່ແມ່ນຍັງບໍ່ທັນລວມສູນເຊິ່ງບາງໂຄງການທີ່ການອະນຸມັດໂຄງການດ້ວຍຫຼາຍໜ່ວຍງານທີ່ຊ້ຳຊ້ອນກັນ. ຮ້າຍແຮງໄປກວ່ານັ້ນບາງໂຄງການບໍ່ແຮ່ກໍ່ໄດ້ດຳເນີນການຂຸດຄົ້ນໂດຍບໍ່ໄດ້ສຳຫຼວດກ່ອນເຊິ່ງເຮັດໃຫ້ສູນເສຍຊັບພະຍາກອນທຳມະຊາດ.

ຄະນະລັດຖະບານຍັງໄດ້ຮັບຊາບກ່ຽວກັບສິ່ງທ້າທາຍກ່ຽວກັບໂຄງການປູກຢາງພາລາໂດຍສະເພາະລາຄາທີ່ຫຼຸດລົງຢ່າງໄວວາໃນຕະຫຼາດໂລກແລະການຂາດເຂີນແຮງງານເພື່ອມາກີດຢາງ. ມາຮອດປະຈຸບັນມີໂຄງການປູກຢາງພາລາແລະໄມ້ວິກທັງໝົດ 226 ໂຄງການທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບການອະນຸມັດໃນຂອບເຂດທົ່ວປະເທດ.

 ທ່ານສາມາດອ່ານຂ່າວນື້ເປັນພາສາອັງກິດ English version of this article

 

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